Understanding how and from were lumber is derived from from a tree will help you in determining exact which piece of wood is the right one for you projects.
To be able to visually identify flat-sawn, rift-sawn and quarter-sawn lumber and understand how these three grain patterns are harvested from a log.
Learn to use "blinds," which are quick shop-made aids that can help you lay out and harvest portions of a board with similar or desirable grain patterns and direction.
Learn how to process boards with cathedral figure and remove or avoid distortions that are common with this grain pattern.
The hardness or softness of woods is something most woodworkers need to know at some time or another. Thankfully the flooring industry (where hardness is crucial) has taken the time to test and rate most of the woods available around the world for their hardness.
This page provides laboratory values for several properties of wood that are associated with wood strength. Note that due to inadequacies of samples, these values may not necessarily represent average characteristics.
Purchasing wood can get very expensive and if you are not sure what you are buying it can be more than a bit intimidating. When you are standing in front of thousands of board feet of wood, all priced differently and you don't know exactly what to choose, this should be your clue it's time to understand wood cuts.
Even though wood has been around as a building product for millions of years, it remains one of the most complex building products due to it inherent properties. The more you learn about wood the more there is know, and when you are a woodworker, understanding your building medium will put you miles ahead in saved time, costs and satisfaction with your projects.
Plain vs Quarter Sawn Wood
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