Woodcarving can be as simple or as complex as the project requires or as the carver cares to make it. An amazing amount of work can be done on small basswood or butternut carvings with just a chip-carving knife or an X-Acto knife. Add a few gouges and your range of carving possibilities increases.
Knives and Chisels
Chip-Carving Knife - Probably the first tool any carver starts with is a knife. Its primary use is for whittling and chip carving. The blade is about 1 1/2" long, and has a handle designed to fit the hand. Like gouges, it should be made of high carbon steel that will hold an edge for a long time.
Carpenter's Chisels - These chisels have a flat edge (#1 Sweep). They are not usually used for sculpture, because the edge of a flat chisel tends to dig into the wood, twisting and plunging the tool deeper on one side than the carver may have desired. They can give a crude, unschooled look that may be desirable on some types of sculpture .
U-Gouges - Gouges are the work horses of carving. U-gouges are designated by the width of the cutting edge (in inches or millimeters), the sweep, or amount of curvature of the edge (an arbitrarily assigned number), and the shape of the shaft (straight, bent, spoon, and back bent). Gouges can be purchased: - in widths from 2mm (1/16") to 60 mm (2 3/8") - in sweeps from #2 (a barely perceptible curve) to #11 (a very deep, half round curve) - in straight, bent, spoon, and back-bent shapes
V-Gouges - V-gouges are designated by the width between the top edge tips and the angle of the vee bottom edge. Gouges can be purchased:
- in widths from 2mm to 30mm - in 60° (#12 sweep) and 90° (#13 sweep)
Bent and Spoon Gouges - These specialty gouges are used to get into inaccessible spots on a carving that a straight gouge can't reach.
Bent gouge: the entire length of the shaft is curved.
Don't Forget to Bookmark our site.
Woodworking Tool Reviews